History of Taj Mahal
Inside Taj Mahal
At the opposite end of the picturesque garden, standing on the banks of river Yamuna, the Tajmahal is as beautiful inside as it is from outside. It is situated more than 900 ft away from the main entrance on a raised platform, which has four tapering minarets at each corner. These minarets are crowned with eight windowed cupolas.
The inner chamber of the Tajmahal steps far beyond traditional decorative elements.
In the interior of the mausoleum there is a lofty chamber, below this is a crypt and four octagonal corner rooms, which were originally intended to house the graves of other royal family members. The cenotaphs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are there in the center.
The octagonal marble screen or jali borders the cenotaphs and is made from eight marble panels.
Mumtaz Mahal’s cenotaph stands in the center of the marble screen; texts from Kuran in Persian have been inscribed on it. On the cenotaph of Mumtaz Mahal, the single epitaph has been inscribed that is “ Marqad Munavvar Arjumand Bano Begum Mukhtab bah Mumtaz Mahal Tanifiyat fer sanh 1040 Hijri”, meaning, here lies Arjumand Bano Begum called Mumtaz Mahal who died in 1040 A.H or 1630 A.D.
The cenotaph of Shah jahan is inscribed in Persian, which says “ Marqad Mutahar Aali Hazrat Firdaus Ashivani sahib-qiran Saani Shah Jahan Badshah taab surah snh 1076 hijri, meaning, the sacred sepulcher of his most exalted Majesty, dweller of Paradise, the second lord of constellations, the king Shah Jahan, may his mausoleum ever flourish, died in 1076 A.H or 1666 A.D.
The domed ceiling of the tomb looks amazing, it was designed to echo chants from Koran and musician’s melodies.